The convergence of the IoT and cloud platforms leaves loopholes in the digital and physical sectors. For example, there can be physical attacks, network and channel attacks, cryptanalysis attacks, etc.
Hence, ensuring a high degree of security is necessary. Here are some methods to ensure the safety of Cloud-Based IoT software,
1. Encrypt data in rest and transit
IoT and cloud security, data at rest and transit need to be secured. Encryption technologies such as HTTPS, FTPS, SSL, and TLS can employ end-to-end encryption. It ensures that the data in transit and passes networks and servers are protected.
It also ensures that data stored on any disk or backup device is secured. For these, you can use several layers of encryption. It provides that even when an attacker obtains access to storage devices with confidential data, they would not be able to decipher it.
2. Device identity and authentication
Assign device identity to each device in an IoT platform. That way, when the device is online, it can be identified and authenticated to establish communication with the other devices in the environment securely.
For instance, OAuth 2.0 is a token-based authentication used by API developers to protect an IoT ecosystem. If these security features are not present, the integrity of the data sent between two devices or points may be at risk.
3. Ensure vulnerability checks and continuous updates
Regularity with updates and vulnerability checks is a crucial method to ensure security. Testing the entire ecosystem can figure out any loopholes or issues present prior. In addition, conditions updates and patches can prevent the exploitation of IoT vulnerabilities and provide regular software updates for newer features.
4. Hardware security
The physical component of security is present in an IoT ecosystem. Install chips such as Trusted Platform Modules (TPM) and Trusted Execution Environment (TEE) on the devices. It is attached near the CPU or the device and ensures disk encryption and password protection. In addition, it creates a security key and stores the data effectively.
5. Establish a chain of trust
For IoT tools and platforms, establishing a chain of trust is a step toward a higher degree of security. This chain includes devices, gateways, and applications that are a part of the IoT ecosystem.
6. Define a detailed access control plan
A user management system is the first step to stringent authentication processes. Having the right policy in place can prevent unauthorized access and allow minimal access in the case of confidential data. In addition, the administrator can control the devices and define the accessibility and level of resources for different employees.