BIM is a software that helps design, construct, and manage buildings and infrastructure projects.
Primarily used in Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (or simply AEC), BIM provides a digital representation of a building with its physical and functional characteristics. The characteristics include geometry, spatial relationships, light analysis, and more.
Take a look at the benefits of using BIM in your construction project.
Reduces human errors saving time and money
AEC experts and owners can predict potential risks and failures
Streamline complex design operations and enable better project planning.
Build energy-efficient and environmentally-friendly infrastructure
Better decision-making with centralized real-time data of the project.
The Key Components of BIM
1. 3D Modeling
The 3D modeling component of BIM software helps create the digital representation of the building. The 3D model provides detailed information about the building's various components, such as
Structural and architectural elements
Mechanical, Electrical, and Plumbing (MEP) systems,
And other building systems
2. Information Management
The information management system of BIM allows AEC experts and stakeholders to share data and work on it in real-time. Stakeholders can also access different types of data, such as BIM models, drawings, specifications, and many more., from a centralized location.
Consequently, AEC experts can easily manage large volumes of data and make informed decisions.
Collaboration and communication are two integral parts of project management. And BIM allows AEC experts to share and edit data in real-time, facilitating collaboration. Doing so helps AEC experts to streamline workflow and enable better decision-making.
BIM also provides a centralized platform for all project data, meaning easy access to the collected data.
Applications of BIM in Construction and Infrastructure Projects
The following are the major applications of BIM in the field of construction and infrastructure.
1. Structural Engineering
Since BIM offers 3D models with various proprietary formats and enables adding time and cost data, it is widely used in structural engineering.
Moreover, BIM helps structural engineers efficiently analyze geometry, material properties, loading conditions, and more.
2. Reinforced Concrete Models
Reinforced concrete design and rebar detailing can be done in 3D using rebar detailing software. This software also allows precise modeling and tracking of every structural member. As a result, it makes it easier and more efficient to create automated rebar drawings, details, and lists.
3. Infrastructure and Architecture Design
Using BIM, architects, and collaborators can create 3D models of buildings and infrastructure designs to visualize the product better. BIM also allows them to collaborate and work from a single platform to the most efficient, sustainable design.
4. Faculty Management
By centralizing the project data, BIM helps you to create a detailed maintenance schedule for the project. Also, BIM can monitor equipment performance, detect issues, and provide predictive maintenance recommendations. Doing so enables you to take proactive steps to avoid downtime and reduce maintenance costs.
In addition to maintenance, it can also be used to manage the overall facility. This includes space management, energy management, and asset management.