To build a single-page application, a powerful framework is mandatory. The frameworks used should be capable of dealing with the complex architecture involved in developing several web applications. This helps make it interactive and provides a rich experience. Though each framework is not used on a regular basis, it is ideal to have a basic knowledge of the existing frameworks used for developing single-page applications. Some of these include AngularJS, ReactJS, Backbone, EmberJS, MeteorJS, PolymerJS, Aurelia, Vue, Mithril.js, Node.js, and so on.
In this blog, we discuss some of the most popular single page application frameworks for developing single-page applications:
It is capable of transferring the entire content directly from the server to the browser, loading all the pages at the same time. Once they are loaded, the page does not reload if a link is clicked upon; instead, the sections within the page are updated instantly. AngularJS enables faster loading of pages as there is less load on the server. The feature of two-way data binding feature in AngularJS saves the burden of writing numerous codes. As a spa framework, Angular JS enables automatic integration of data between model and view components. Further, AngularJS works on MVC architecture.
React is comparatively more flexible than AngularJS when used as an spa framework, as the developers need to deal with stand-alone libraries, which enables a good response time. React is well designed for testing and debugging and is mostly used for the ‘View’ component in the MVC architecture. This feature enables the UI to be updated without going back to the server to obtain a new view.
ReactJS is widely used for creating widget-based views and promotes one-way data binding combined with Flux Controls. A feature of ReactJS includes a virtual DOM, for enhanced performance. A browser’s DOM is slow, but with a virtual DOM, as changes are made in the data, a comparison is done to redraw only the changed elements. Maintenance of ReactJS is quite easy as a single-page application architecture, owing to its component-based feature. Both the server and the client-side can utilize ReactJS, which enables the distribution of the load from the server to the client if required.
EmberJS is a highly opinionated, open-source framework that promotes greater flexibility. It follows a widget-based approach known by the name Ember components. The templates incorporated with Handlebars get updated automatically as the data changes, using minimal coding. This has made it easy for developers to achieve common and minor tasks.
Ember, as a single-page application framework, stands as the backbone of popular users such as Twitch, Playstation, Linkedin, and so on. Apple Music, which is a desktop application also uses EmberJS. Furthermore, it has a powerful routing system. It works on the Model View-View Model (MVVM) pattern and follows the Convention over Configuration (CoC) model.
The data library offered by EmberJS is quite resourceful. Its developer-friendly API makes many prefer EmberJS over other frameworks. It follows a two-way data binding pattern. Ember’s built-in router also makes it more SEO-friendly compared to other sap frameworks.
It is a free, open-source library that offers around 100 extensions. It can be used to develop single-page web applications in a well-structured format. Further, it helps to separate business as well as UI logic. The tools offered by Backbone.js include models, events, views, routers, and so on. in order to integrate the client-side applications. Further, if there is any change in the model, the HTML code gets automatically updated.
The client-side single-page web applications and mobile applications could be created in a neat and efficient format using Backbone.js. Backbone.js uses direct DOM manipulation to represent changes in data and application architecture. This framework is used by many popular companies such as Sony Entertainment Network, Airbnb, SoundCloud, and so on.
6. Polymer js
To build a single page application, Polymer js is a scalable candidate as it is supported by the majority of known browsers, has an end-to-end testing environment called Web component tester, and has a Model View Controller architectural pattern that helps organize code components according to design and performance.
Popular companies such as Youtube, Google, USA Today, Mcdonald’s has used Polymer for a variety of features such as rebuilding mobile and desktop sites, menu board software, collaboration on projects, and so on. With Polymer’s reusable models, development time is significantly reduced as major changes to the code are not required for the addition and attachment of modules.
7. Dojo Toolkit
As an spa framework, aurelia requires less configuration setup. In terms of community support, it has a lesser community size but in terms of compatibility, it is supported by all modern browsers.